THE University of Exeter sent The VOICE the following comments on the British election by their political experts:
Professor Richard Toye, Head of History at the University of Exeter, said Theresa May’s decision to call a snap election was “a blunder of historic proportions.”
“This is not merely a setback or a reversal; it is the result of a blunder of historic proportions. At the outset of the campaign, it looked as though the Prime Minister could not lose the election if she tried. But for much of it, it looked as though that was exactly what she was attempting to do,” Toye said. “Going to the country was a significant unforced error. Snap elections are inherently risky, as Stanley Baldwin discovered in 1923 and Edward Heath found out in 1974. But both of these Tory leaders at least had credible reasons for acting as they did. Give the British people an election they don’t want and they will often use it as an opportunity to give you a good kicking.”
Professor Michelle Ryan, Professor of Social and Organisational Psychology, said Theresa May is a casualty of the “glass cliff” phenomenon : the tendency for women to be preferred over men for precarious jobs.
She said: “While the snap election was of her own making, this short tenure is perhaps not surprising given what we know about the glass cliff – the tendency for women to occupy leadership positions in times of crisis. It is no coincidence that May became Prime Minister amidst the uncertainty of Brexit, and she is now paying the price.”
London (PTI): Prime Minister Theresa May’s gamble of calling snap polls spectacularly backfired on Friday with the British electorate delivering a hung Parliament and forcing her to seek the support of a small Northern Irish party for staying in power, as the country braces for hard Brexit talks.
May, jolted by the electoral setback, however, remained defiant to calls for her resignation and asserted that she will form a government with the informal backing of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP).
“I have just been to see Her Majesty the Queen, and I will now form a government — a government that can provide certainty and lead Britain forward at this critical time for our country,” a grim-faced May said in a statement delivered outside 10 Downing Street.
May, 60, said the two parties have enjoyed a strong relationship over many years, and she believes that they will be able to work together in the interest of the country.
“This will allow us to come together as a country and channel our energies towards a successful Brexit deal that works for everyone in this country securing a new partnership with the EU which guarantees our long-term prosperity. That’s what people voted for last June. That’s what we will deliver. Now let’s get to work,” she said.
Though May’s Conservative Party emerged as the single largest party on a sensational election night, the impressive show by the Labour Party led by Jeremy Corbyn sent the British politics into turmoil, putting May in a complex situation ahead of the Brexit talks scheduled to start on June 19.
The results — a sort of turnaround in fortunes for both major parties — have thrown that timetable into doubt.
With results declared for nearly all of the 650 seats, Conservatives won 318 while the opposition Labour secured 261, leaving neither party anywhere close to the 326 seats required for an overall majority.
The Tories will now have to rely on the DUP’s 10 MPs to get things done.
The shock defeat for Conservatives — despite the pre- poll projections of a comfortable majority — was seen by the British media as a “humiliation” for May to continue in her position.
Corbyn, 68, may not have dislodged May in the polls but the Labour Party’s strong showing prompted him to demand her resignation, saying she “lost votes, lost support and lost confidence” of the people.
May in April had chosen to call the election three years ahead of the schedule to try to strengthen her hand in talks with the European Union to pull Britain out of the single market.
The result threw the UK in a political turmoil amid increasing terror-related incidents.
May won her Maidenhead seat in south-east England with 37,780 votes, but faced pressure to resign after losing her parliamentary majority she had before the election.
The election had been classified as a “Brexit election” and the result is being seen as giving hope to the 48 per cent who had voted to remain in the EU in the June 2016 referendum and a rejection of May’s so-called “hard Brexit” stance.
EU’s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, indicated Brexit talks now be delayed from the date set for its start. Barnier tweeted the talks should begin only when the UK is “ready”.
Conceding to her dashed hopes of a landslide win, May earlier said: “My resolve is the same that as it has been.
Whatever the results, the Conservative party will remain the party of stability.”
“At this time, the country needs a period of stability,” and “it will be incumbent on us that we provide that period of stability,” she said.
Corbyn, beaming with hope, claimed on Twitter that the Labour party had “changed the face of British politics”.
“Politics has changed and this is people saying they have had quite enough… I am very proud of the results that are coming in and the vote for hope. The Prime Minister called the election because she wanted a mandate and the mandate is that she has lost seats,” he said after his win from his seat at Islington North in north London.
Labour picked up 29 seats and the Tories were on course to lose 13 seats. The Scottish National Party (SNP) were down by 22, losing seats to the Tories, Labour and Liberal Democrats, in a major setback for Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon.
The turnout in the election is estimated at around 68.7 per cent — up 2 per cent on the last general election.
The Conservatives have won 44 per cent of the vote, Labour 41 per cent, the Liberal Democrats 8 per cent, UKIP 2 per cent and the Greens 2 per cent.
The tally for the remaining parties stands as 35 MPs for SNP, Liberal Democrats have 12 MPs, up four from last time, and others at 13 MPs.
Among some of the heavyweight losses of the night include that of former Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg losing his Sheffield Hallam stronghold to the Labour party, while fellow party colleague Vince Cable who had lost his seat in a shock result in 2015 has regained his Twickenham seat.
The last hung Parliament result in the UK was in 2010, when David Cameron took over as PM and formed a Conservative- led coalition with the Liberal Democrats.